Galois, Évariste

(1811-1832)
   mathematician
   Born in Bourg-le-Reine, Évariste Galois, who was twice rejected by the École polytechnique, entered the École normale superieure in 1830, from which he was expelled a year later for publishing an article that violently denounced the "reactionary nature of the director." An active republican, who was twice incarcerated, he continued his work in mathematics while in prison. The essence of the work of this genial mathematician is found in his memoir Sur les conditions de résolubilité des equations par radicaux (1831), in which he puts forth the theory of substitution sets. The night before the duel in which he was killed, he edited two memoirs on the subjects about which he was most passionate: a manifesto, À tous les républicains, and a mathematical testament in which he further explains his theory on algebraic equations, building on the work of the Norwegian mathematician Niels Hen-rik Abel. The central idea in the works of Galois is the notion of sets that later became fundamental to the study of mathematics.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Galois, Évariste — ▪ French mathematician born October 25, 1811, Bourg la Reine, near Paris, France died May 31, 1832, Paris  French mathematician famous for his contributions to the part of higher algebra now known as group theory (group). His theory provided a… …   Universalium

  • Galois , Evariste — (1811–1832) French mathematician Galois was born at Bourg la Reine, near Paris, during the rule of Napoleon. He entered the Collège Royale de Louis le Grand in Paris in 1823 and it was here that his precocious mathematical genius first emerged.… …   Scientists

  • Galois, Evariste — ► (1811 32) Matemático francés. Se le considera el fundador de la teoría de los grupos algebraicos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Galois — Galois, Evariste …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Evariste Gallois — Évariste Galois  Pour l’article homophone, voir Gallois (homonymie). Évariste Galois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Evariste Galois — Évariste Galois  Pour l’article homophone, voir Gallois (homonymie). Évariste Galois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Galois — Évariste Galois  Pour l’article homophone, voir Gallois (homonymie). Évariste Galois …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Evariste Galois — Évariste Galois Évariste Galois (* 25. Oktober 1811 in Bourg la Reine; † 31. Mai 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Mathematiker. Er starb im Alter von nur 20 Jahren bei einem Duell, erlangte allerdings durch seine Arbeiten zur Lösung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Évariste Galois — (* 25. Oktober 1811 in Bourg la Reine; † 31. Mai 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Mathematiker. Er starb im Alter von nur 20 Jahren bei einem Duell, erlangte allerdings durch seine Arbeiten zur Lösung algebraische …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Galois — Évariste Galois Évariste Galois (* 25. Oktober 1811 in Bourg la Reine; † 31. Mai 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Mathematiker. Er starb im Alter von nur 20 Jahren bei einem Duell, erlangte allerdings durch seine Arbeiten zur Lösung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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